TB is the ninth leading cause of death worldwide and the leading cause from an infectious agent, ranking above HIV/AIDS. In 2016, there were an estimated 1.3 million TB deaths among HIV-negative people (down from 1.7 million in 2000) and an additional 374,000 deaths among HIV-positive people. An estimated 10.4 million people fell ill with TB in 2016: 90% were adults, 65% were male, 10% were people living with HIV (74% in Africa) and 56% were in five countries: India, Indonesia, China, the Philippines and Pakistan.
Lung cancer is responsible for nearly one in five cancer deaths worldwide (1.3 million deaths, 19% of all cancer deaths, 2012) and is the leading cause of cancer death in men in 87 countries and in women in 26 countries. Because of its high fatality (the overall ratio of mortality to incidence is 0.87) and the relative lack of variability in survival in different world regions, the geographical patterns in mortality closely follow those in incidence, irrespective of level of resources in a given country.